Module 4 Assign: Disruptive Technology

Disruptive technology also called a wildcard (Dr. Thornburg, 2014) takes the place of an existing technology with the same functionality.  The disruptive technology is usually more efficient, cheaper, and more improved thus making the old technology obsolete. Examples of disruptive technologies over the years have been: computers replacing typewriters, laptops replacing desktops, flash drives replacing floppy disks, and smartphones replacing cell phones and PDAs.

Currently, two disruptive technologies are Google Glass sixthsensetechnologyand Sixth Sense. Lathwal and Rajput (2016) defined Sixth Sense as “a wearable mobile interface that augments the physical world around us with the digitalized machine world.” (p. 678) It disrupts the smart phones and iPads/tablets because users will be able to make calls, email, use social media, and take photos without the use of a device because “It is a wearable device that projects visible digital data onto the physical world for users to interact with the digital world.” (Lathwal & Rajput, 2016, p. 678).

Tom’s Guide Staff and Goodrich (2013) stated: “Google Glass is Google’s wearable computer that a person wears like a regular pair of prescription glasses.” (para. 1). Like the Sixth Sense, Google Glass is a manner of freely accessing data without using a handheld device. “A ‘heads-up display’ suspended slightly above your eye places data right in your field of vision, without completely obstructing your view.” (Tom’s Guide Staff & Goodrich, googleglass2013, para. 1). When Google Glass was released in 2014, it was also designed to access the Internet, send text messages, take pictures, download apps, and more (Tom’s Guide Staff & Goodrich, 2013).

When I think of the social benefits of devices like Google Glass and Sixth Sense, my mind goes back to Tony Stark from the Marvel movies. He was able to his wearable devices to project calls, images, videos, and other information. I feel the social benefits would be endless from medical to educational. Students and teachers could give more interactive and engaging presentations with far less tech. Learners of a second language could practice and interact with native speakers in their country with ease. Teachers could easily collaborate and give conferences from around the world. Incidents of injustice could be displayed live around the world, giving the victim worldwide witness.

However, although valiant ideas, Google Glass was a failure (Doyle, 2016) and Sixth Sense rather went into hiding. These technologies were initially designed to disrupt, i.e. replace smartphones and tablets, yet on the contrary, I would say they only helped to enhance the technologies.


Doyle, B. (2016). 5 Reasons Why Google Glass was a Miserable Failure. Retrieved from

Doyle, B. (2016). 5 Reasons Why Google Glass was a Miserable Failure. Retrieved from

Lathwal, S, and Rajput, M, (2016). Sixth Sense Technology. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6 (6), 678-680.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014a). David Thornburg: Disruptive technologies [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Seminarsonly. (2016, July). How Sixth Sense Technology Works. Retrieved from

Tom’s Guide Staff and Goodrich, R. (2013). Google Glass: What It Is and How It Works (2013). Retrieved from:,news-17711.html


Module 3 Assign: Rhymes of History

“History doesn’t repeat itself, but it does rhyme”.                         ~ Mark Twain

remington_no-_1_from_herkimer1Laureate Education (2014a) revealed the six key principles of evolutionary technology as evolutionary technology, rhymes of history, science fiction, disruptive technologies, increasing returns, and red queens. Evolutionary technology is the progression or development of a previous technology into a new more powerful, reasonably priced version of the technology. Evolutionary technology drives the emerging technology and allows a look into the future of specific technologies.

Rhymes of history is the display of how new technologies impact the current environment and rekindles the same needs that existed in the past (Laureate Education, 2014b). Dr. Thornburg described rhyme in history as technology that “rekindles something from the past.” (Laureate Education, 2014h) I feel a good example of new technology that is an emergence a previous technology from the past is the keyboard of the computer or laptop, which rekindled the typewriter.

Although the typewriter was created in 1868 and featured the Qwerty keyboard, the first typing devices were patented image-2in the 1700s. Daskeyboard (2011, July 22) state, “The keyboard is the number one computer interface used around the world, and an integral object for many of us that most people take for granted.” After 1910, most typewriters were standardized until IBM created the Selectric version typewriter in 1961, which was produced until the 1980s.

IBM debuted the first PC in 1981. In 1986, it was upgraded to the Model M keyboard, which was popular due to its ease of use. As the keyboard evolved, it became lighter, quieter, smaller, and even flexible. No doubt as technology continues to develop the keyboard will continue to evolve (Daskeyboard, 2011, July 22).



Daskeyboard (2011, July 22).  Typing Through Time: Keyboard History [home page]. Retrieved from

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Image 3 Retrieved from

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014a). David Thornburg: Six forces that drive emerging technologies [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2014b). David Thornburg: Evolutionary technologies [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014h). David Thornburg: Rhymes of history [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.